Psychosomatics is the branch of medicine which, drawing on the latest scientific knowledge, also takes into account, • the complex reciprocities and links • between, the body, emotions, professional and personal environments • for the process of healing and recovering from ailments and illnesses.
In the past, psychosomatics was based on a dualistic concept of the human being as a dichotomy of soul (psyche) and body (soma). Today, modern science has moved far beyond this simple division into body and soul. It now confirms an enduring, complex and constantly adapting interconnection between physical states, feelings and life experiences that never ceases to adapt. Although the guiding principles of psychosomatic thinking and action are now determined by a complex biological, psychological and eco-social concept, the term psychosomatic has traditionally remained in use.
In the past, the term psychosomatics was used exclusively for ailments and illnesses for which no physical or organic cause could be found. It was believed that such illnesses were caused by psychological factors.
Nowadays, psychosomatics is the branch of medicine which considers it to be both necessary and helpful for the healing and recovery processes to take into account the complex reciprocities and links between the body, emotions, and professional and private environments.
Seen from this perspective, psychosomatics is the science and healing art of the reciprocal relationships between psychological, social and physical processes in their meaning for human health and sickness. It deals with bodily and mental processes in the sick and the healthy, manifests itself in a basic biological, psychological and eco-social attitude and is as relevant to general medicine as it is to all medical specialisations.
The clinical specialisation of psychosomatics is a discipline which scientifically and in its care mandate addresses those illnesses in which physical, psychological, mental and social connections and interactions play a central role in the onset and perpetuation of the disorder and where they are also important for treatment. This concept of medicine is vital for the successful treatment of psychosomatic ailments.
Psychosomatic medicine is an interdisciplinary approach in diagnostics and the treatment of illness, which goes beyond a pathophysiological perspective to include emotional factors and all the patient’s life experiences.
Psychosomatic expertise is always called for, when
mental and emotional distress such as anxiety, depression, burn-out or
stressful social situations, such as bullying, relationship crises or
physical illnesses and disabilities
cause or aggravate stress and pain, ailments or illnesses.
Approximately one third of patients who come to a general practitioner suffer from physical ailments for which there is no apparent physical or organic cause:
The patient feels ill or suffers from pain or ailments, but a “conventional medical examination reveals nothing”.
Often the patient is suffering from a high level of mental and emotional stress, which can have a wide range of causes in the patient’s professional and personal life.
Patients can spend months traipsing from one specialist to another and undergoing a host of expensive tests and examinations.
This is where a doctor with psychosomatic training is needed.
Österreichische Gesellschaft für Psychosomatik und Psychotherapeutische Medizin (ÖGPPM)